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Ink stamp impression of Dr. Samuel Gringauz's signature from an administrative department of the Kovno ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 1995.89.342

Scrap of paper bearing stamped impressions of Dr. Samuel Gringauz's signature from his time in the Kovno ghetto from August 1941 to July 1944. When German forces occupied Soviet-controlled Lithuania in June and July 1941, Dr. Samuel Gringauz was living in Kovno (now Kaunas) with his wife Mascha and their son Alex. In August 1941, the Gringauz family were ordered to report to the Kovno ghetto. Samuel served as a member of the Judenrat in the ghetto, and helped make necessary decisions for the Jewish community being held there. Following the liquidation of a nearby ghetto Samuel feared that the Kovno ghetto would be next, and began making plans to keep Alex safe. A local woman, Konstancija Bražėnienė (Konstance), was already hiding a young Jewish girl, Sarah, and agreed to also hide Alex. Samuel and Mascha remained hidden in the ghetto as long as possible before being discovered during the liquidation. Samuel was deported to Dachau concentration camp in Germany, where he arrived on July 15, 1944. Mascha was deported to Stutthof concentration camp in German-occupied Poland, where she was killed by a sentry on January 27, 1945. Samuel was liberated from Dachau in May 1945. That summer, Samuel arrived at the Landsberg displaced persons camp outside of Munich, Germany. In September, he reunited with Alex, who had remained in Konstance’s care. Samuel was elected President of the Landsberg DP camp. Alex, Samuel, and Samuel’s second wife, Sara, and stepson, Mark, immigrated to the United States on September 22, 1947, aboard the Marine Flasher.

issue:  1941 August-1944 July
issue: Kovno ghetto (historic); Kaunas (Lithuania)
Marking devices
Object Type
Stamps (marks) (aat)
Marks (Symbols)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-11-25 13:04:53
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