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US Army regulation uniform with a 63rd infantry sleeve patch worn by a Jewish soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2011.447.11.2 a-c

U.S. Army issue tan dress shirt and trousers with a cloth belt worn by Sidney Cooley while he was serving as an officer in the 63rd Infantry Division in the United States and Europe from 1943 - 1945. Nicknamed the Blood and Fire Division, the 63rd’s insignia is inspired by a Winston Churchill quote: “the enemy would bleed and burn in expiation of their crime against humanity.” On January 1, 1945, Sidney’s Division was deployed to Marseilles, France, and quickly advanced north into Germany. The 63rd Infantry crossed the Siegfried Line and fought through central Germany, arriving in Landsberg am Lech by April. Sidney was promoted and assigned to General Louis Hibb’s staff. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered. Sidney was promoted to Captain, assigned to the Third Army, and placed on occupational duty in the American zone. He was selected to serve as the deputy military governor in Bayreuth. He assisted with regional rebuilding efforts and with the de-Nazification program. Sidney, a lawyer by training, served as prosecutor for the U.S. military government in Bayreuth, as well as a judge, hearing approximately 1,800 cases involving civilian violations of military government. As a Yiddish speaking, Jewish American official, Sidney’s presence in Bayreuth attracted many displaced Holocaust survivors looking for a place to settle while waiting to emigrate. Among his efforts to help the community, was the establishment of an agrarian training program to train more than 300 hopeful Palestinian settlers and prepare them for life as farmers. Sidney worked very closely with the Jewish community and when he left Bayreuth, they thanked him with an eloquent citation.

use:  approximately 1943 June-approximately 1945 May
use: Europe
use: United States
Clothing and Dress
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Hatikvah Holocaust Education Center
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:50
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