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Banned Jehovah's Witness pamphlet used by persecuted preachers

Publication | Accession Number: 1989.314.1

Jehovah's Witness pamphlet, Wohlfahrt Sicher, used by Gregor Wohlfahrt and then his son, Franz, to preach and recruit members for the Jehovah's Witness in Austria. After Nazi Germany annexed Austria in 1938, the literature was banned by the Nazis. The Watchtower Society, the administrative arm for the Jehovah Witnesses, had been banned in Germany since 1935. The religion was not banned but members were arrested for their refusal to be drafted or participate in any military work. Members in Austria knew that they would be persecuted for their refusal to accept the authority of any temporal power. In August 1939, Gregor was told to report for military service. He was deemed unfit but declared his opposition to the war. He was imprisoned in Vienna, declared an enemy of the state, tried, and sentenced to death by beheading on December 7, 1939, with 28 other Jehovah's Witnesses. Franz, 20, was imprisoned at Strafgefangenenlager Rollwald labor camp in Germany from 1940-1945. He worked for the camp commandant Strumpf , who saved his life on 3 occasions, shieldingFranz from death by beheading for his refusal to serve in the military. The camp was liberated by the United States Army in March 1945.

Title
Wohlfahrt Sicher
Prosperity sure
Date
1928  (publication)
Geography
use : Jehovah's Witness mission; Velden am Worthersee (Austria)
publication : Magdeburg (Germany)
Language
German
Object Type
Pamphlets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Franz and Maria Wohlfahrt, in memory of Gregor Wohlfahrt, father, and Gregor Wohlfahrt, brother, and the Wohlfahrt and Stossier families
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Record last modified: 2017-12-27 14:43:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1138