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Paint roller and stencil used by Jehovah's Witness labor camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2006.448.1 a-b

Paint roller and stencil used by Franz Wohlfahrt while imprisoned at Strafgefangenenlager Rollwald labor camp in Germany from 1940-1945. Wallpaper samples made from this roller and stencil are in collection 1989.314. Franz, 20, was jailed because, as a Jehovah's Witness, his beliefs did not permit him to put any authority before God. He would not submit to the authority of the German government or serve in the military. In 1943, at Rollwad, the new camp commandant, Karl Strumpf, was decorating his villa and Franz was assigned to the work detail. Franz experimented with latex paint and produced an effect like wallpaper, which was not available at the time. Strumpf got to know Franz through his work at the villa and saved his life on 3 occasions, shielding him from death by beheading for his refusal to serve in the military. The camp was liberated by the United States Army in March 1945.

use:  1943-1945
use: Rollwald (Concentration camp); Rodgau (Germany)
Decorative Arts
Object Type
Paint rollers (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Franz Wohlfahrt
Record last modified: 2022-04-05 12:41:18
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