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Drawing

Object | Accession Number: 1988.1.56

Drawing by Lili Andrieux, a German Jewish internee. Lili created over 100 detailed drawings of people and daily life in the internment camps where she was held from May 1940 - September 1942 in France. Alençon was a collection center for transport to Camp de Gurs in Vichy France. After surrendering to Nazi Germany in June 1940, France was divided into two zones: a German military occupation zone and Free France under the Vichy regime. Gurs, built in spring 1939 to hold refugees from Spain, became an internment center for Jewish refugees. Lili, originally from Berlin, moved to Paris in 1938. She was taken to Alençon in May 1940 and reached Gurs on June 4. From March 1941-September 1942, she was held in the Hotel Terminus in Marseilles waiting for a visa. She was then sent to Les Milles internment camp where she became ill with typhus. When she recovered, she escaped and, with the help of the resistance, lived in hiding until fall 1944, when the war ended in France. Lili was a translator for the US Army and US Graves Registration Command until immigrating to America in September 1946.

Artwork Title
L'Equipe de Merde
Alternate Title
The Shit Brigade Taking a Break
Series Title
Camp de Gurs – 1940: Spanish Refugees Manning the Camp’s Maintenance Teams
Date
1940
Geography
creation: Gurs (Concentration camp); Gurs (France)
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Genre/Form
Art.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2019-08-14 14:04:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn125