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Propaganda poster blaming Jews for French peasants’ problems

Object | Accession Number: 1998.136.1

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    French announcement poster blaming Jews for the problems of farmers and peasants published by Centre Payson in September 1942. The text claims that Jews unfairly benefit from the peasant’s labor, manipulate the black market for their benefit, and are to blame for the war. After the occupation of France, German authorities began releasing propaganda to provoke antiemetic sentiment among the public. Germany invaded France in May 1940. In June France signed an armistice which gave the Germans control of northern and western France, including Paris. The unoccupied territory was governed from the city of Vichy by a collaborationist regime under Marshal Henri Philippe Petain. Petain’s administration came to be known as the Vichy government. In 1940 the Vichy government passed anti-Semitic legislation that excluded Jews from public life, dismissed them from positions in the civil service and military and barred them from occupations in industry, commerce, law, medicine, and teaching. In July 1941 the Vichy regime instituted a program of “Aryanization” seizing Jewish owned property for the French state. In June 1942 Jews in occupied France were required to wear Star of David badges. German officials and French police conducted roundups of Jews in the occupied and unoccupied regions. Some were taken to detention camps in Gurs, Les Miles, Saint-Cyprien and others while most were deported to killing centers in the east. In November German and allied Italian troops occupied the region under Vichy control. France was liberated on August 25, 1944. During the occupation, 77,000 Jews living in French territory were murdered.
    Artwork Title
    Pour Libérer Les Paysans, Chassons le Juif!
    Alternate Title
    To Free the People, Hunt the Jew!
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1942
    Geography
    publication: Paris (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Markings
    front, printed, black ink : LES PROBLÉMES DE LA RÉVOLUTION NATIONALE / POUR LIBÉRER LES PAYSANS, / CHASSONS LE JUIF ! / Le probméme juif est posé en France devant la Révolution Nationale, qui le résoudra en / prenant les mesures que dicte l’impérieuse nécessité de défendre la nation français contre le / peuple juif. / Or, dans la nation française, il y a les villages, et dans la communauté française, les / Paysans. La défense des Paysans exige que la question juive soit posée même au village. / Il n’y a pas de Juifs parmi les Paysans et les doigts de la main suffiraient à dénom- / brer les Juifs qui travaillent personnellement la terre. / LE JUIF SE REFUSE AU DUR TRAVAIL DE LA TERRE, MAIS C’EST AUX DÉPENS / DU PAYSAN QU’IL VIT, SE MULTIPLIE ET S’ENRICHIT. / En 1939, à le veille de guerre, des milliers de Paysans étaient endettés et leur “ domaine ” / hypothéqué. On a pu dire que le Paysan ne possédait plus sa terre puisque le total des dettes / paysannes était supérieur à la valeur vénale des terres. / Banquiers, usuriers et spéculateurs ont, en fait, exproprié plus d’un million de familles / paysannes et vendu leurs biens à l’encan par autorité de Justice ! / QUI DIRIGEAIT CES FAMEUSES “ BANDES NOIRES “, EFFROI DU PAYSAN? / QUI PRATIQUAIT L’USURE ET SPÉCULAIT SUR LES TERRAINS? / JUIF ! / Aprés le sol, les produits du sol ! / Des générations de paysans ont peiné sur la glèbe, sans espoir, parce qu’au-dessus d’eux / quelques douzaines de “féodaux” faisaient varier arbitrairement les cours, déclenchant la baisse / ou la hausse selon que le paysan vendait sa récoite ou achetait du pain. / EMBUSQUÉS DANS LE MAQUIS DES HALLES, DES GRANDS MOULINS ET DES / BOURSES DE COMMERCE, QUE SONT LES LAZARD, LES LÉVY, LES BAUMANN ET LES / DREYFUS? / DES JUIFS ! / Les produits nécessaires au Paysan n’échappent pas au Juif. / Finaly, Jahan, Stern, etc., tiennent les Pétroles ; / Javal, Paul Weiss, Péreire, contrôient les Mines ; / Raymond Beer et quelques autres, dirigent les Engrais ; / Raymond Beer et Georges Lévy tiennent la Potasse. / TOUS DES JUIFS ! [THE PROBLEMS OF THE NATIONAL REVOLUTION / TO FREE PEOPLE, HUNT THE JEW! The Jewish problem is posed in France in the face of the National Revolution, which will reappraise it by taking the measures dictated by the imperative need to defend the French nation against the Jewish people. Now, in the French nation, there are the villages, and in the French community, the Peasants. The defense of the peasants demands that the Jewish question be asked even in the village. There are no Jews among the peasants and the fingers of the hand would suffice to count the Jews who work the land personally. THE JEW REFUSES THE HARD WORK OF THE EARTH, BUT IT IS AT THE EXPENSE / OF THE PEOPLE THAT HE LIVES, EXPANDS AND ENRICHES. In 1939, on the eve of the war, thousands of peasants were in debt and their "fields" mortgaged. It has been said that the peasant no longer possessed his land as the total of debts was greater than the market value of the land. Bankers, usurers and speculators have, in fact, expropriated more than one million families and sold their property at auction by authority of Justice! WHO DIRECTED THESE FAMOUS "BLACK BANDS", TERROR OF THE PEASENT? WHO WAS PRACTICING WEAR AND SPECULATING THE LAND? JEWS! After the soil, the products of the soil! Generations of peasants have struggled on the land, hopeless, because above them a few dozen "feudal" arbitrarily varied prices, triggering the decline / or increase depending on the farmer selling his crop or bought bread. AMBUSHED IN THE MAQUIS OF HALLS, LARGE MILLS AND SCHOLARSHIPS OF COMMERCE, WHAT ARE THE LAZARD, THE LÉVY, THE BAUMANN AND THE / DREYFUS? THE JEWS! The products needed by the peasant are not exempt from the Jew. Finally, Jahan, Stern, etc., hold the Petroleum; Javal, Paul Weiss, Pereire, control the Mines; Raymond Beer and a few others direct Fertilizers; Raymond Beer and Georges Lévy hold potash. ALL THE JEWS!]
    back, top, printed black ink : Si enfin, l'on demande pourquoi, en France, les milieux juifs ont poussé sans répit par / tous les moyens à la guerre, on peuf, entre autres raisons, donner celle-ci : / LA JUIVERIE AVAIT EN MAINS L'INDUSTRIE FRANCAISE DES ARMEMENTS, Y COM- / PRIS SES NOMBREUSES RAMIFICATIONS. / Les Finaly, les Salem, les Lévy-Strauss, les Worms, les Cahen et les Fuzier sont des JUIFS ! / ET LE SCANDALE CONTINUE ! / Le Juif prolifère comme une vermine sur les plaies de la Patrie blessée, et celles-ci s'enve- / niment dangereusement. / Présentement, le Juif dirige le marché noir : il y fait fortune. / Il pratique sur une grande échelle, le troc qui est un véritable chantage exercé par le mercanti / accapareur sur le paysan producteur. / Il se fait adjuger, par ses hommes de paille, à force de surenchères, les quelques arpents / que tu souhaitais acheter, Paysan, et c'est encore lui qui devient bénéficiaire du " retour à la terre !" / Ce scandaledoit cesser d'une nation - la Fance - dont les leviers de commande sont / contrôlés ou faussés par le peuple juif, et dont les Paysans peinent et souffrent pour nourrir / et engraisser le Juif ! / A la Révolution Nationale d'y mettre ordre ! / EXPROPRIATION DES GRANDS DOMAINES JUIFS ET LEUR TRANSFORMA- / TION EN FERMES D'ETAT. / ANNULATION OU RÉVISION DES SCHATS DE TERRAINS EFFECTUÉS PAR / DES NON CULTIVATEURS AU PRÉJUDICE DU PAYSAN. / MORATOIRE DEDS DETTES HYPOTHÉCAIRES. / RÉVISIONS DES CONTRATS DE FERMES ET DE MÉTAYAGE. / UNITÉ PAYSANNE DANS LA COMMUNAUTE FRANÇAISE POUR ARRÉTER l'EMPRISE DU JUIF SUR NOS VILLAGES ! [If, finally, one asks why, in France, the Jewish circles pushed relentlessly by all their means to the war, one can, among other reasons, give this one: THE JEWS HAD IN THEIR HANDS THE FRENCH ARMS INDUSTRY, INCLUDING ITS NUMEROUS RAMIFICATIONS. Finaly, Salem, Levy-Strauss, Worms, Cahen and Fuzier are JEWS! / AND THE SCANDAL CONTINUES! / The Jew proliferates like a vermin on the wounds of the injured Fatherland, and this one is especially dangerous. Currently, the Jew directs the black market: he makes his fortune. He practices on a large scale, the barter which is a real blackmail exerted by the mercantile hoarder on the producing peasant. He is made to pay by his men with straw, by force of bidding, the few acres that you wanted to buy, and it is still him who becomes the beneficiary of the return to “earth!” This scandal must cease from a nation – France – whose levers of control are controlled or distorted by the Jewish people and whose peasants are struggling and suffering to feed and fatten the Jew! At the National Revolution to put order! EXPROPRIATION OF THE GREAT JEWISH DOMAINS AND THEIR TRANSFORMATION TO STATE FIRMS. CANCELLATION OR REVISION OF PURCHASEES OF LAND MADE BY NON-CULTIVATORS TO THE INJURY OF A PEASENT. MORTGAGE OF HYPOTHECARY DEBTS. REVISIONS OF FARM AND METAL CONTRACTS. PEASENT UNITY IN THE FRENCH COMMUNITY TO STOP THE HOLD ON OUR VILLAGES!]
    back, bottom, printed, black ink : CENTREPAYSAN / 41, AVENUE MONTAIGNE, 41 / “Paris (8) – Tél. : EL Ysées 56-63
    back, bottom right margin, printed, black ink : Imp. J.L.Paris-3799-9-42.
    Contributor
    Printer: J.L.
    Publisher: Centre Paysan

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Classification
    Posters
    Object Type
    Handbills (tgm)
    Physical Description
    Double-sided French announcement printed in black ink on rectangular, faded, medium weight, white paper. The front has a large title at the top. Below, the text is separated by bold text on the right dividing it into 3 blocks. The back has two blocks of text separated by a bold phrase in the center. The publisher’s address is centered at the bottom.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 10.500 inches (26.67 cm) | Width: 7.250 inches (18.415 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, pencil
    Inscription
    front, top left, handwritten, pencil : F50

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1998.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-06 08:25:48
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn12683

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