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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note, acquired by a Jewish Lithuanian survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1989.62.3

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    Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note, acquired by a Jewish Lithuanian survivor

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scrip, valued at 2 kronen, issued in the Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp and acquired by David Klipp. All currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp, located in German occupied Czechoslovakia. David was deported on Janaury 17, 1940, to Łódź Ghetto in Poland from Lithuania. On August 28, 1944, he was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. He was on the same transport as Chaim Rumkowski, the head of the Jewish Council. David was then selected for forced labor and sent to Continental-Gummi-Werke, AG factory, a subcamp of Neuengamme. He worked on the upper floors where rubber was cooked. On November 30, he was sent to Ahlem, another Neuengamme subcamp, to work in an old mine. Ahlem was being evacuated on April 6, 1945, when the prisoners were liberated by British and American soldiers. David relocated to Hannover, Germany on December. 11, 1945. He emigrated to the United States in 1950.
    Date
    issue:  1943 January 01
    Geography
    issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of David Klipp
    Markings
    face, center, red ink : QUITTUNG ÜBER / ZWEI KRONEN / 2 / WER DIESE QUITTUNG VERFÄLSCHT ODER NACHMACHT / ODER GEFÄLSCHTE QUITTUNGEN IN VERKEHR BRINGT. / WIRD STRENGSTENS BESTRAFT [Receipt / of / TWO CROWNS / ANYONE WHO FALSIFIES OR DISTORTS OR FAKES THIS RECEIPT, OR COUNTERFEITS RECEIPT, WILL BE STRICTLY PUNISHED]
    face, lower right corner, red ink : 2
    reverse, upper left corner, plate mark, red ink : A022
    reverse, upper right corner, red ink : 2
    reverse, lower left corner, red ink : 2
    reverse, center, red ink : Quittung / über / ZWEI KRONEN / THERESIENSTADT, AM 1.JANNER 1943 DER ALTESTE DER JUDEN / IN THERESIENSTADT / Jakob Edelstein [Receipt / of / TWO CROWNS / THERESIENSTADT, ON 1. JANUARY 1943 THE ELDER OF THE JEWS IN THERESIENSTADT / Jakob Edelstein]
    Contributor
    Subject: David Klipp
    Biography
    David Klipp was born on July 9, 1905, in Skudy (Skuodas), Lithuania. On January 17, 1940, David was forced out of his apartment and was brought to the ghetto in Łódź, Poland. In spring 1944, the Germans decided to destroy the Ghetto. On August 28, 1944, he was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. He was on the same transport as Chaim Rumkowski and Leon Rosenblat. He was then selected for forced labor and sent to Continental-Gummi-Werke, AG factory, a subcamp of Neuengamme. He worked on the upper floors where rubber was cooked. On November 30, 1944, David was sent to Ahlem, also a subcamp of Neuengamme, to work in an old asphalt mine. Ahlem was being evacuated on April 6, 1945, when the prisoners were liberated by British and American soldiers. David relocated to Hannover, Germany on December. 11, 1945. While there, he met his future wife Estelle. She had been deported from Łódź and survived Auschwitz, Sasel, and Bergen Belsen concentration camps. David emigrated to the United States in 1950.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Physical Description
    Theresienstadt scrip printed on rectangular, offwhite paper in red/brown and light red ink. The face has a vignette with an image of Moses, a bearded man with a wrinkled brow, holding 2 stone tablets with the 10 Commandments in Hebrew. To the right is the denomination 2 and German text. The background rectangle has a geometric latticework pattern. On the right is a wide, offwhite border with 2 in the bottom corner below a Star of David. The reverse has a background rectangle with an interlocked diamond pattern, overprinted with German text, an engraved signature, and a scrollwork line. The denomination 2 is in the upper right corner. On the left is a wide, off-white border with 2 in the lower corner below a Star of David in a lined circle. The plate letter and number are in the upper left corner. Scrip is discolored but appears unused.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.125 inches (5.398 cm) | Width: 4.375 inches (11.113 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Theresienstadt scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by David Klipp.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:21:13
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn1307

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