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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 100 kronen note, acquired by a Jewish Lithuanian survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1989.62.8

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    Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 100 kronen note, acquired by a Jewish Lithuanian survivor
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scrip, valued at 100 kronen, issued in the Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp and acquired by David Klipp. All currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp, located in German occupied Czechoslovakia. David was deported on Janaury 17, 1940, to Łódź Ghetto in Poland from Lithuania. On August 28, 1944, he was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. He was on the same transport as Chaim Rumkowski, the head of the Jewish Council. David was then selected for forced labor and sent to Continental-Gummi-Werke, AG factory, a subcamp of Neuengamme. He worked on the upper floors where rubber was cooked. On November 30, he was sent to Ahlem, another Neuengamme subcamp, to work in an old mine. Ahlem was being evacuated on April 6, 1945, when the prisoners were liberated by British and American soldiers. David relocated to Hannover, Germany on December. 11, 1945. He emigrated to the United States in 1950.
    Date
    issue:  1943 January 01
    Geography
    issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of David Klipp
    Markings
    face, upper center, brown ink : QUITTUNG ÜBER / HUNDERT KRONEN [RECEIPT OF / HUNDRED CROWNS]
    face, center, brown ink : 100
    face, lower center, smaller text than above, brown ink : WER DIESE QUITTUNG VERFÄLSCHT ODER NACHMACHT / ODER GEFÄLSCHTE QUITTUNGEN IN VERKEHR BRINGT. / WIRD STRENGSTENS BESTRAFT [ANYONE WHO FALSIFIES OR DISTORTS OR FAKES THIS RECEIPT, OR COUNTERFEITS RECEIPT, WILL BE STRICTLY PUNISHED]
    face, lower right corner, brown ink : 100
    reverse, upper left in border, serial number, red ink :
    reverse, near lower right corner, series letter, red ink :
    reverse, upper right corner, brown ink : 100
    reverse, lower left corner, brown ink : 100
    reverse, center, brown ink : Quittung / über / HUNDERT KRONEN [Receipt / of / HUNDRED CROWNS]
    reverse, lower center, black ink : THERESIENSTADT, AM 1.JANNER 1943 DER ALTESTE DER JUDEN / IN THERESIENSTADT / Jakob Edelstein [THERESIENSTADT, ON 1. JANUARY 1943 THE ELDER OF THE JEWS IN THERESIENSTADT / Jakob Edelstein]
    Contributor
    Subject: David Klipp
    Biography
    David Klipp was born on July 9, 1905, in Skudy (Skuodas), Lithuania. On January 17, 1940, David was forced out of his apartment and was brought to the ghetto in Łódź, Poland. In spring 1944, the Germans decided to destroy the Ghetto. On August 28, 1944, he was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. He was on the same transport as Chaim Rumkowski and Leon Rosenblat. He was then selected for forced labor and sent to Continental-Gummi-Werke, AG factory, a subcamp of Neuengamme. He worked on the upper floors where rubber was cooked. On November 30, 1944, David was sent to Ahlem, also a subcamp of Neuengamme, to work in an old asphalt mine. Ahlem was being evacuated on April 6, 1945, when the prisoners were liberated by British and American soldiers. David relocated to Hannover, Germany on December. 11, 1945. While there, he met his future wife Estelle. She had been deported from Łódź and survived Auschwitz, Sasel, and Bergen Belsen concentration camps. David emigrated to the United States in 1950.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Physical Description
    Scrip designed by Peter Kien and printed by the National Bank of Prague on ofwhite paper. The face has a graphic design in black and brown ink on a brown patterned background. The face depicts a bearded Moses holding 2 stone tablets with the 10 Commandments in Hebrew characters, with a long-fingered hand in front of the tablets, in a medallion on the left, with the denomination 100 and German text on the right. The right side has a wide offwhite border with the denomination 100 in the lower corner with a 6-pointed Star of David above. The reverse has a brown geometric background with German text and a scrollwork line. Below the text is an engraved signature. The denomination 100 is in the upper right corner. The left side has a wide, offwhite border with the denomination 100 in the lower corner with a 6-pointed Star of David above. The serial number is in the upper left corner. The series letter is near the lower right corner.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 3.000 inches (7.62 cm) | Width: 5.875 inches (14.923 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Theresienstadt scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by David Klipp.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 21:56:21
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn1312

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