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Wooden pen made for the son of a transit camp inmate by another inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1999.170.1 a-b

Wooden quill shaped fountain pen given to Georges Flaum by his father, Charles, for his 12th birthday in 1942. It was made by another Jewish inmate, Isaac Schoenberg, at the internment camp in France where Charles was being held. The nib is a modern accessory. Georges lived with his parents, Charles and Therese, in Paris. In May 1940, France was invaded by Nazi Germany. The June armistice placed Paris under a German military administration which enacted anti-Jewish policies. On May 14, 1941, Charles was sent to Pithiviers internment camp. Georges and his mother were able to visit him there ca. 1942, around Georges's 12th birthday, when he received the woodcut, a fountain pen, and a walking stick. On July 26, 1942, Therese was arrested. She yelled to Georges to run and he escaped to the home of his maternal uncle, Max Hirszberg. Max’s Catholic wife Edmee helped Georges create a false identity as a Christian using his maternal grandmother’s name, Banet. He then lived in hiding with a series of families for the next two years. Paris was liberated in August 1944 and Georges returned to Paris. His parents had been deported in summer 1942 to Auschwitz, where they perished. In December 1946, Georges left for the home of a relative, Albert Banet, in America.

creation:  before 1942 June
received:  approximately 1942 June
creation: Pithiviers (Concentration camp); Pithiviers (France)
received: Pithiviers (Concentration camp); Pithiviers (France)
Object Type
Fountain pens (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George Flaum Banet and Marlene Roberts Banet
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:32:35
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