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Woodcut of camp life made for the son of a transit camp inmate by another inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1999.170.3

Woodcut which Charles (Chaim) Flaum gave to his son Georges for his 12th birthday ca. 1942. It was made by another inmate, Arthur Weisz, at the internment camp where Charles was being held and has images of daily life at Camp Pithiviers. Georges lived with his parents, Charles and Therese, in Paris. In May 1940, France was invaded by Nazi Germany. The June armistice placed Paris under a German military administration which enacted anti-Jewish policies. On May 14, 1941, Charles was sent to Pithiviers internment camp. Georges and his mother were able to visit him there ca. 1942, around Georges's 12th birthday, when he received the woodcut, a quill, and a walking stick. On July 26, 1942, Therese was arrested. She yelled to Georges to run and he escaped to the home of his maternal uncle, Max Hirszberg. Max’s Catholic wife Edmee helped Georges create a false identity as a Christian using his maternal grandmother’s name, Banet. He then lived in hiding with a series of families for the next two years. Paris was liberated in August 1944 and Georges returned to Paris. His parents had been deported in summer 1942 to Auschwitz, where they perished. In December 1946, Georges left for the home of a relative, Albert Banet, in America.

Artwork Title
At the lodge at Camp Pithiviers, Chaim Flaum, Barracks 7, May 14, 1941
creation:  after 1941 May-before 1942 June
received:  approximately 1942 June
creation: Pithiviers (Concentration camp); Pithiviers (France)
received: Pithiviers (Concentration camp); Pithiviers (France)
Object Type
Wood-engraving (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George Flaum Banet and Marlene Roberts Banet
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:32:35
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