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Decorative block from the Neue Synagoge in Berlin, mounted on a commemorative plank with a cast facsimile

Object | Accession Number: 1990.159.1

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    Brief Narrative
    Decorative block from the southern facade of the 1866 Neue Synagoge [New Synagogue] in Berlin. It was used as a model to cast additional handformed ceramic construction pieces in the Grossraeschen (Sachsen) brick factory during a rebuilding of the facade in 1988. Originally named the Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue, it had seating for 3000 and was the largest in Germany. It was damaged by rioters during the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 9-10, 1938, but was still used by the dwindling Jewish community of Berlin under Nazi rule. In 1940, the German Army seized the building to use as a warehouse for uniforms. It was heavily damaged by Allied bombings in 1943. It was later further dismantled under the East German regime after the war. The synagogue has been partially restored and now serves as a monument and museum.
    creation:  1866
    commemoration:  1990 December 06
    use: Synagoge Oranienburger Strasse; Berlin (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin - Centrum Judaicum
    plank, left plaque, engraved : NEUE SYNAGOGUE BERLIN / eingeweiht - am 5. September. 1866. / geschändet - während das Pogroms in der Nacht / vom 9. zum 10. November 1938 / zerstört - während eines Bombenangriffs / am 22. November. 1943. [NEW SYNAGOGUE, BERLIN. Consecrated on September 5, 1866. Desecrated during the Pogrom in the Night, November 9-10, 1938. Destroyed during a bombing raid on November 22, 1943.]
    plank, center plaque, engraved : die steine wurden von der Stiftung / “Neue Synagogue Berlin - Centrum Judaicum” / Zur verfügung gestellt und 12-6-90 durch des Ministerpräsidenten / der DDR Lothar de Maizere überreicht. [The stones were made available from the “New Synagogue Berlin-Jewish Center” Foundation. Presented December 6, 1990, by the decree of the Prime Minister of the German Democratic Republic, Lothar de Maiziere.]
    plank, right plaque, engraved : Den Originalen nachtgebilter Stein, / für den 1988 begonnenen Wiederaufbau der Neuen Synagogue Berlin / als Centrum Judaicum. [Stone facsimile of the original for the 1988 reconstruction of the New Synagogue Berlin as the Jewish Center .]

    Physical Details

    Architectural Elements
    Object Type
    Block cornices (aat)
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, hollow, red, cast decorative block, 11.750" h x 8.875" w x 8.5" depth. The front has an inset relief design of 2 intertwined leaves surrounded by a circle with concentric lines, within a square with a stepped lip border. It is partially covered with dark gray paint. The left side has a circular hole in the center, 1 inch deep. The back is open. The cornice is attached to a wooden presentation plank.
    Note: This block and 1990.159.2 are attached to a plank which lacks an accession number. The object description for the plank is included here, pending another resolution.
    Rectangular, stained and varnished wooded plank serving as a commemorative mounting for 2 building bricks (1990.159.1, 1990.159.2). There are 2 handles cut through on each side. Attached near the bottom edge are 3 rectangular, brass colored, metal plaques with German text. The cornices are above the plaques, equidistant from the edges. (Materials: wood, metal, varnish, stain, adhesive)
    overall: Height: 15.625 inches (39.688 cm) | Width: 29.500 inches (74.93 cm) | Depth: 0.750 inches (1.905 cm)
    overall : brick, paint, wood, metal, varnish, stain, adhesive

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The block was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by the Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin-Centrum Judaicum.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-05 07:41:47
    This page:

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