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Drawing of a defendant by an interpreter during the International Military Tribunal

Object | Accession Number: 2001.58.3

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    Brief Narrative
    Pencil portrait of Hans Fritzsche by Stefan Horn, an interpreter during the Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals by the International Military Tribunal.
    Artwork Title
    Fritsche Listening to his acquittal, Nurnberg, Oct. 7, 1946
    creation:  1946 October 07
    creation: Nuremberg Trial; Nuremberg (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lise Horn McCartney
    Artist: Stefan Horn
    Subject: Hans Fritzsche
    Dr. Stefan Horn graduated from the School for Interpreters in Geneva, Switzerland, and held a Doctorate in rerum politicarum from the University of Vienna, in Austria. He was trained in Geneva as a consecutive interpreter. Dr. Horn applied to Nuremberg for a position as an interpreter and was approved via testing conducted by the United States Army. He worked in Nuremberg, Germany, as a court interpreter, translating English into German, during part of the first War Crimes trial and during the Justice Case. He eventually became Chief Interpreter. After the trials closed in 1949, Dr. Horn joined Léon Dostert at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Dr. Horn became head of the Division of Interpretation and Translation of the Institute of Languages and Linguistics that Dostert had founded. He later became an American citizen.
    Hans Fritzsche (1900-1953) was head of the radio division of the German propaganda ministry. A relatively minor propaganda ministry official who had not held a policy-making position, Fritzsche was included in the dock at Nuremberg in the absence of the deceased Joseph Goebbels and to mollify Soviet authorities, who held him in their custody. Although he was acquitted by the International Military Tribunal, he was then arrested again and brought before West German denazification courts. Fritzsche was sentenced to nine years imprisonment yet was released early in September 1950. Fritzsche, 53, died in September 1953.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Courtroom art (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Pencil portrait of Hans Fritzche in left profile wearing headphones. The paper has pr0perintedhorizontal red lines and is torn across the top.
    overall: Height: 8.000 inches (20.32 cm) | Width: 4.000 inches (10.16 cm)
    overall : paper, graphite, ink
    front, below image, pentcil : Fritsche /Listening to his acquittal / Nurnberg, Oct. 7, 1946

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The drawing was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2001 by Lise Horn McCartney, the daughter of Stefan Horn.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-08 16:04:11
    This page:

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