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Metal scale weight of the type used in Łódź Ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 1990.285.11

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    Metal scale weight of the type used in Łódź Ghetto

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scale weight, possibly for a shoemaker, similar to those used by Jewish forced laborers in the Łódź Ghetto in German-occupied Poland from May 1940 to summer 1944. Łódź was occupied by Germany a week after the September 1939 invasion of Poland. It was renamed Litzmannstadt and in February 1940, the Jewish population of about 160,000 people was confined to a small, sealed-off ghetto. All residents had to work, and 85 percent of the ghetto population labored in nearly 100 factories. The major ones produced textiles, including uniforms for the German Army. Occupying authorities seized much of the specialized machinery from the Jewish population, forcing them to use hand techniques for production. Due to severe overcrowding and scarce food, disease and starvation were common. The Judenrat (Jewish Council) administered the ghetto for the Germans, and chairman Mordechai Rumkowski thought hard work and high output would preserve the ghetto. However, in January 1942, mass deportations to Chelmno killing center began; half the residents were murdered by the end of the year. In summer 1944, Łódź, the last ghetto in Poland, was destroyed and the remaining Jews were sent to Chelmno and Auschwitz-Birkenau killing centers.
    Date
    use:  approximately 1900-approximately 1945
    Geography
    acquired: Poland
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Tools and Equipment
    Genre/Form
    Weights & measures.
    Physical Description
    Heavy, solid, circular, silver-colored, metal weight with smooth sides and a flat top and bottom. Soldered to the top, center is a small, domed section with a short, vertical rod extending from the middle and topped by a flattened, circular head. A rough, vertical groove is cut into the edge on one side, and there is a small hole just above it. The weight is heavily corroded throughout with many small scratches on the underside.
    Dimensions
    overall: | Depth: 2.250 inches (5.715 cm) | Diameter: 4.500 inches (11.43 cm)
    Materials
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Poland. (Łódź, Poland)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The weight was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-31 12:54:40
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn3415

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