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Damaged stained glass window from the desecrated Tempel Synagogue

Object | Accession Number: 1990.287.1

Damaged stained glass window, missing most of its glass, likely from Tempel Synagogue in Krakow, Poland, desecrated by German forces during the occupation, September 1939 to January 1945. The window is in its original wooden frame and enough details remain in the glass fragments to identify a central image of a 7-branched menorah flanked by curtains. The prominent Reform synagogue was built in 1862 in the Kazimierz Jewish district. The Renaissance revival structure has Moorish interiors and stained glass in the ground and first floor windows. Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, and occupied Krakow within a week. By March 1941, 55,000 of the 70,000 Jews in Krakow were expelled. German troops badly damaged the synagogue and used it as a military warehouse and stable. The Germans left Krakow on January 17, 1945, and, on January 19, Soviet troops entered the city. Tempel Synagogue was one of seven synagogues in Krakow to survive the war. Fewer than 100 Jews were left in the city and pogroms from summer 1945 through 1946 led to the emigration of most of those. In the 1990s, Tempel, the only intact 19th century synagogue in Poland, was restored as a religious and cultural center.

Date
approximately 1893-1945 January  (use)
Geography
use : Tempel Synagogue; Krakow (Poland)
Classification
Architectural Elements
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Congregation of the Mosaic Faith
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3440