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Damaged stained glass window likely from the desecrated Tempel Synagogue

Object | Accession Number: 1990.287.2

Damaged stained glass window, likely from the Tempel Synagogue in Krakow, Poland, desecrated by German forces during their occupation of the city between September 1939 and January 1945. Enough details remain in the glass fragments to identify the image of a 7-branched menorah flanked by curtains. The prominent Reform synagogue was built between 1860 and 1862, on Miadowa Street in the Kazimierz Jewish district. The Renaissance revival structure has Moorish interiors with stained glass windows on both the ground floor and first floor. The windows were likely created in the late 1800s in the workshop owned by J. Zajdzikowski, and in the early 1900s by a company owned by the Zelenski family. The building was enlarged in 1868, 1893, and 1924, and the windows would have been installed during one of those periods. Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, and forces occupied Krakow within a week. By March 1941, 55,000 of the 70,000 Jews in Krakow were expelled. German troops badly damaged the synagogue and used it as a military warehouse and stable. The German forces left Krakow on January 17, 1945. On January 19, Soviet troops entered the city. Tempel Synagogue was one of seven synagogues in Krakow to survive the war. Fewer than 100 Jews were left in the city following the war, and pogroms from summer 1945 through 1946 led most of those to emigrate. In the 1990s, Tempel, the only intact 19th-century synagogue in Poland, was restored as a religious and cultural center by the World Monuments Fund.

Date
found:  after 1945 May-before 1990
creation:  approximately 1875-approximately 1925
Geography
found: Tempel Synagogue; Krakow (Poland)
creation: Krakow (Poland)
Classification
Architectural Elements
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Kongregacja Wyznania Mojżeszowego Kraków
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3441