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Lantern from Belzec railroad station

Object | Accession Number: 1990.291.6

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    Brief Narrative
    Railroad lantern used at the railroad station in Belzec, Poland, before and during World War II. In early 1941, German authorities began preparations for Operation Reinhard, the systematic extermination of all Jews living in German occupied Poland. In November, SS and police authorities began construction of Belzec killing center. The center was built near the town of Belzec, along a siding of the existing Lublin-Lvov rail line. In March 1942, regular train transports of Jewish people from German occupied regions began arriving at the center. The prisoners were herded off the trains and into a receiving area where they were stripped of their possessions, forced to undress, and pushed into rooms labeled as showers where they were killed with poison gas. In spring 1943, Belzec was decommissioned and dismantled. The authorities planted trees and flowers to camouflage the area. A farm house was constructed for a local family to serve as wardens and prevent scavenging locals from unearthing the mass graves. It is estimated that between 500,000 and 600,000, mostly Jews, were murdered at Belzec.
    use:  after 1900-before 1946
    use: Belzec (Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Polish Railroad Authority
    Original owner: Polish Railroad Authority

    Physical Details

    Furnishings and Furniture
    Lighting devices
    Object Type
    Lanterns (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Small railroad signal oil lamp.
    overall: Height: 9.750 inches (24.765 cm) | Width: 4.250 inches (10.795 cm) | Depth: 4.500 inches (11.43 cm)
    overall : metal, glass, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The lantern was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by the Polish Railroad Authority.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-09-15 10:20:25
    This page:

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