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Welding torch cap from the Dora Mittelbau V2 factory

Object | Accession Number: 2007.486.16

Welding torch cap acquired by Chester C. Boone at the Dora Mittelbau V2 rocket factory and concentration camp in Nordhausen, Germany, in 1945. The Dora-Mittelbau camp was originally a subcamp of Buchenwald. Allied air raids on German industrial complexes pushed Nazi authorities to use concentration camp prisoners to construct underground tunnels to house factories and development facilities for the V-2 missile program and other experimental weapons. In October 1944, the SS made Dora-Mittelbau an independent concentration camp with more than 30 subcamps of its own. The secret, underground portion of the factory complex was operated by using a slave labor force of concentration camp prisoners. The prisoners were forced to construct the rockets along an improvised assembly line made of railroad tracks. The mortality rate was higher than at most other concentration camps. Many of the prisoners were massacred by the Germans as they camp was evacuated in the spring of 1945. The camp was liberated by American forces in April. Chester Boone was a 2nd Lieutenant in the United States Army detachment that took command of the factory after the liberation. Chester’s group oversaw the removal of the 120 remaining V-2 rockets and the preliminary dismantling of the factory for six months, until it came under Soviet control, with the postwar partition of Germany between allied forces.

Date
acquired:  1945 April-1945 July 05
Geography
acquired: Dora (concentration camp); Nordhausen (Thuringia, Germany)
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Category
Equipment
Genre/Form
Welding.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dave Johnson and the Boone Family
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:21
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn35722