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Blue velvet bimah cover desecrated during Kristallnacht

Object | Accession Number: 2006.496.2

Bimah cover, a cloth for covering a Torah stand, that was desecrated during the destruction of the synagogue in Hamm [Oberlandesgerichtsbezirk], Germany, on Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938. It was recovered from the street by Felix Simons, a synagogue member who lived behind the temple. He entrusted the bimah to non-Jewish neighbors for safekeeping. It was retrieved after the war by his daughter, Hanna. In 1941, the Simons family, Felix, his wife, Johanna, and 3 children, Hanna, Fritz, and Rudy, were deported to the ghetto in Riga, Latvia, and in 1943, to the Riga-Kaiserwald concentration camp. When they were transferred to the Stutthof concentration camp, Felix and the 2 boys were separated from Hanna and her mother. Fifteen year old Hanna and her mother survived together, but they never saw the rest of their family again.

received:  1945-1947
use:  1938 November 09
use: desecrated synagogue; Hamm (Germany : Oberlandesgerichtsbezirk)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Bimah covers (ushmm)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Hanna Marx
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:35
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