Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn35930
Also in Hanna Marx family collection
The collection consists of artifacts, documents, and photographs related to the experience of Hannelore (Hanna) Simons Marx and Helmut Marx in Germany before, during, and after the Holocaust.
Bimah cover, a cloth for covering a Torah stand, that was desecrated during the destruction of the synagogue in Hamm [Oberlandesgerichtsbezirk], Germany, on Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938. It was recovered from the street by Felix Simons, a synagogue member who lived behind the temple. He entrusted the bimah to non-Jewish neighbors for safekeeping. It was retrieved after the war by his daughter, Hanna. In 1941, the Simons family, Felix, his wife, Johanna, and 3 children, Hanna, Fritz, and Rudy, were deported to the ghetto in Riga, Latvia, and in 1943, to the Riga-Kaiserwald concentration camp. When they were transferred to the Stutthof concentration camp, Felix and the 2 boys were separated from Hanna and her mother. Fifteen year old Hanna and her mother survived together, but they never saw the rest of their family again.