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Flower patterned crocheted doily made by a Dutch Jewish woman after the war

Object | Accession Number: 2008.220.4

Embroidered floral weblike doily made by Rita Grunbaum after the war. She was living in Rotterdam with her husband, Manfred, when Nazi Germany invaded the country on May 10, 1940. Jews became targets of official persecution. Manfred was arrested but quickly released in October 1941. Rita and Manfred decided to have a child to show faith in the future and their daughter, Dorien, was born on August 28, 1942. A year later, two SS men and a Dutch policemen came and arrested them on September 29, 1943. While in the local police station, they considered giving their baby to a non-Jewish woman about to be released, but decided that the family should stay together. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, and then to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. On April 9, 1945, the Germans began to evacuate the camp because of advancing Allied forces and the inmates were loaded onto trains. Their guards abandoned them near Troebitz, Germany, and with the arrival of Soviet Forces on April 23, they realized that they were free. The family returned to Holland on July 1, 1945.

creation:  approximately 1945
creation: Rotterdam (Netherlands)
Decorative Arts
Object Type
Doilies (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dorien Grunbaum
Record last modified: 2022-05-20 13:11:50
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