Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Matzoh cover with an embroidered Star of David, kiddush cup, and Hebrew inscription recovered postwar by a Dutch Jewish family

Object | Accession Number: 2008.220.5

Embroidered white matzoh cover with a Star of David, goblet, and Hebrew inscription recovered after the war by Rita Grunbaum. The inscription includes the date 1919 and the blessing over the matzoh that is recited at the seder. Rita was living in Rotterdam with her husband, Manfred, when Nazi Germany invaded the country on May 10, 1940. Jews became targets of official persecution. Manfred was arrested but quickly released in October 1941. Rita and Manfred decided to have a child to show faith in the future and their daughter, Dorien, was born on August 28, 1942. A year later, two SS men and a Dutch policemen came and arrested them on September 29, 1943. While in the local police station, they considered giving their baby to a non-Jewish woman about to be released, but decided that the family should stay together. They were sent to Westerbork transit camp, and then to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. On April 9, 1945, the Germans began to evacuate the camp because of advancing Allied forces and the inmates were loaded onto trains. Their guards abandoned them near Troebitz, Germany, and with the arrival of Soviet Forces on April 23, they realized that they were free. The family returned to Holland on July 1, 1945.

creation:  1919
recovered:  after 1945 July
recovery: Rotterdam (Netherlands)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Matzah covers (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dorien Grunbaum
Record last modified: 2022-05-20 13:14:50
This page: