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Miniature picture frame pendant made by a Jewish prisoner in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp

Object | Accession Number: 2006.363.4

Pendant given to Margarete Grünbaum (later Margaret Gruenbaum) in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp by a fellow inmate who worked with her in the camp’s Arts Department between November 1942 and May 1945. Before Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in 1939, Margarete lived in Prague with her husband, Karel, and their children, Marietta and Michael. In October 1941, Karel was arrested by the Gestapo and detained in Pankrác prison in Prague. On December 3, Karel was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he was killed on the 18th in the Small Fortress. On November 20, 1942, Margarete, Michael, and Marietta were sent to the ghetto-labor camp aboard transport Cc. Margarete was sent to work in the art studio where she made artificial flowers, teddy bears, and stage sets for theater productions. When the family received orders for deportation to Auschwitz killing center in German-occupied Poland in the fall of 1944, Margarete’s job in the workshop saved her family. She asked her boss, the Dutch artist, Josef Spier, to help her convince the German camp guard in charge of the department that her work, creating teddy bears and others toys for Germans for the Christmas season, was important enough to keep her and her children in Terezín. The guard wanted toys for his family, so he removed them from the transport list and they remained at Theresienstadt. They were liberated from the camp on May 8, 1945, by the Soviet Army.

received:  1942 November 20-1945
creation: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael Gruenbaum
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 10:14:18
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