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Gold pendant made in Theresienstadt concentration camp

Object | Accession Number: 2006.363.6

Pendant given to Margaret Gruenbaum in the Theresienstadt concentration camp by a fellow inmate who worked with her in the camp Arts Department. Margaret worked in the art studio making artificial flowers, toys, and stage sets for various Terezin productions. Her job in the workshop saved her family from deportation to Auschwitz killing center. When the family received orders for deportation in the autumn of 1944, Margaret was able to help her boss, the Dutch artist, Josef Spier, convince the German camp guard in charge of the department that her work - creating teddy bears and others toys for Germans for the Christmas season - was important enough to keep her, and her children, 18 year old Marietta, and 14 year old Michael, in Terezin. The guard removed them from the transport list. The Gruenbaum family were Czech Jews who had been deported from Prague to Theresienstadt on November 20, 1942. They were liberated from Theresienstadt on May 8, 1945, by the Soviet Army. Margaret’s husband, Dr. Karl Gruenbaum was murdered on December 18, 1941, in the small fortress at Theresienstadt.

creation:  1942-1945
creation: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael Gruenbaum
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Record last modified: 2019-09-16 13:28:22
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