Announcement for an anti-Jewish museum exhibition in Vichy France
- Artwork Title
- Exposition Le Juif et la France
- Alternate Title
- Exhibition: The Jew and France
Musee des Beaux-Arts;
- Object Type
Posters, French (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gary and Nina Wexler
Poster advertising The Jew and France exhibition opening at the Musée des Beaux-Arts in 1941 in Nancy, France, sponsored by the Vichy government, with funding provided by the German embassy. The event was organized by the German embassy through the Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question, in order to educate the French public on how to recognize a Jew from physical traits. It also had exhibits on topics such as Jewish perversions in the movies, the threat of Jewish influence throughout Europe, and Jewish caricatures.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn37265
Also in Gary and Nina Wexler collection
The collection consists of posters depicting antisemitism in France before and during World War II and posters produced in support of the German occupation of France from 1941-1944.
Allegorical pro-German propaganda poster depicting France under attack by hostile, foreign elements allied with the Françaises Libres [Free French] movement. France is symbolized by a couple caring for the land, representing the safety and stability of France. They are threatened by three wolves labelled Freemasonry, Jews, and de Gaulle, supported by Lies, a three-headed snake, who seek to stop the regeneration of France. France was occupied by Nazi Germany from June 1940- fall 1944. The Free French were those who sought to continue the war against Germany even though France had surrendered. Most of these resistance forces were eventually united under General Charles de Gaulle. Paris was liberated on August 25, 1944, and de Gaulle entered in triumph the next day.
Anti-Jewish poster that was displayed in the Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia), from October 22, 1941, to January 19, 1942. It depicts a Jewish businessman engaged in a conspiracy with Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States to provoke war against Germany. The poster was printed in several languages and distributed in the occupied countries to promote the idea that Jews were manipulating the Allied Powers. The exhibit focused on the alleged Jewish-Communist-Masonic conspiracy to achieve world domination with the intent to increase hatred against outsider groups that opposed Nazi Germany. Yugoslavia had been invaded and dismembered by the Axis powers in April 1941. Germany annexed most of Slovenia and placed Serbia under military occupation. The exhibition was organized by the Serbian puppet government in collaboration with the German occupiers.
Circular orange and white poster commenting on the long history of antisemitism in France.
Dual language text only poster in yellow and black announcing sabotage penalties for attacks against the German occupying forces
Broadside in French and German announcing severe penalties for murders, assassinations, and acts of sabotage against the German Army in France during the German occupation, 1941-1944. Family members of saboteurs and trouble makers will be punished, including forced labor and death, if the saboteurs do not turn themselves in. People are encouraged to turn in saboteurs and trouble makers to the French and German police. It is issued by the Militärbefehlshaber in Frankreich [Military Commander in France].
Dual language text only poster with a red border announcing penalties for those helping anti-German forces
Broadside published in German occupied France announcing penalties for offering aid to enemy forces or for interacting with enemy military paraphernalia. Violators will be tried in German court and possibly punished by death. Rewards are offered to those who turn in people, property, or information. Individuals who help enemy forces will be punished, those who turn in people, property, or information are offered a reward. It is issued by the Militärbefehlshaber in Frankreich [Military Commander in France].
Large poster-sized advertisement promoting an antisemitic journal published in France by ORAFF, a propaganda organization created by the Germans during their occupation of France from 1941-1944. It warns of the Jewish influence on Roosevelt and proclaims that this magazine will help you learn to recognize these threats to France's interests.
Paris campaign poster for an antisemitic candidate, Adolphe Willette, for the legislative elections of September 22, 1889. It declares that the issue is not religion, but race. Judaism here is not the enemy, but Jews are a different race and must be excluded. The images depict the symbols of France, Marianne, ancient Gaul , and workers and students banishing Judaism and its symbols. The poster was reprinted in 1943 during the German occupation.