Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Slatted wooden desk with attached bench on wrought iron supports used in a Dresden schoolroom in Nazi Germany

Object | Accession Number: 1990.44.7

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Slatted wooden desk with attached bench on wrought iron supports used in a Dresden schoolroom in Nazi Germany

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Wooden school desk with seating for two on an attached bench made in 1925 that continued in use in a schoolroom in Dresden, Germany, during the government of the Third Reich, 1933-1945. After Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi authorities passed new laws that dictated who could teach and be educated in the German school system. Quotas were placed that restricted the number of Jewish students who could attend public schools, and under the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service Act, teachers that were Jewish or considered “politically unreliable” were purged from schools. The act also made Nazi Party membership compulsory for all remaining teachers. At the entrance to school, students had to lift their arms and say, “Heil Hitler!” School curriculum was changed to emphasize sports, history, and racial science with the purpose of indoctrinating students with Nazi ideology. Subjects such as religion became less important, and were eventually removed from the curriculum altogether. Any textbooks used to educate students had to be approved by the party. Censors removed books that did not meet these standards from the classroom, and introduced new textbooks that taught students militarism, racism, antisemitism, obedience to state authority, and love for Hitler. Instruction aimed to produce race-conscious, obedient, self-sacrificing Germans who would be willing to die for Führer and Fatherland. Nordic and other “Aryan” races were glorified while labeling Jews and other so-called “inferior” peoples as “parasitic, bastard races” incapable of creating culture or civilization.
    Date
    creation:  1925
    use:  1925-1945
    Geography
    use: school; Dresden (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Schulmuseum des Rates des Bezirkes Dresden
    Markings
    right front leg, right side, embossed: 3
    left front leg, left side, embossed : 3
    right rear leg, right side, embossed : 3
    left rear leg, left side, embossed : 3

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Furnishings and Furniture
    Category
    Furniture
    Object Type
    School benches (aat)
    Physical Description
    Wooden bench made with 3 rounded wooden slats with traces of light blue paint and a horizontal, unfinished wooden support below. The cast iron rear legs are flat on the top and support the bench; they widen at the foot and form 2 rectangular shaped cut outs. The flat topped cast iron front legs support the desk and have 3 rectangular shaped cut outs; the top extends into a triangle that points towards the bench. A black painted wooden board with 2 openings for inkwells is bolted horizontally across the top; an accessory box is screwed under the left opening. There is a shelf attached on the underside of the desk near the center and a footrest near the bottom, both of unfinished wood. The front and rear iron legs are bolted to an elongated, rectangular wooden block with a tapered center, and connect the desk to the bench. The number 3 is embossed on all legs.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 26.750 inches (67.945 cm) | Width: 43.750 inches (111.125 cm) | Depth: 28.500 inches (72.39 cm)
    Materials
    overall : wood, cast iron, metal, paint, varnish stain

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The schoolbench was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990 by the Schulmuseum des Rates des Bezirkes Dresden.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-03-06 11:35:43
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn3973

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us