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World Congress of Esperanto medallion with an image of woman and a view of Budapest owned by a Czech Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2009.364.12

Commemorative medal from the World Congress of Esperanto in Budapest, Hungary, in 1929, attended by Tom (Tibor) Kovary with his family. On September 2, 1939, nineteen year old Tibor Kovari and his twenty year old brother, Erno, were attacked on the street for being Jewish by Nazi sympathizers in Bratislava. They fought back, put their attackers in the hospital, and were arrested, along with their father, Olivio. The incident received such widespread publicity that the authorities advised them to flee for fear of retaliation. They illegally crossed the border into Hungary, where they obtained visas for the US, arriving in New York on February 29, 1940. Both brothers joined the US Army: Tom was in Military Intelligence stateside; Ernest in combat, landing with the infantry on D-Day. He searched for surviving relatives, but found only one cousin, a survivor of Auschwitz death camp.

1929  (commemoration)
1940 February  (emigration)
received : Esperanto conference; Budapest (Hungary)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Myra Kovary and Vally Kovary.
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Record last modified: 2019-01-03 08:43:45
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