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Primus brand, No. 1 model, alcohol stove

Object | Accession Number: 1990.80.4

Primus brand alcohol stove of the type used in the Łódź Ghetto in German-occupied Poland from May 1940 to August 1944. Łódź was occupied by Germany a week after the September 1, 1939, invasion of Poland. The city was renamed Litzmannstadt, and in February 1940, approximately 160,000 people from the Jewish population were confined to a small, closed ghetto. All residents had to work, and many became forced laborers in ghetto factories. Eventually, nearly 100 factories were in operation. The major ones produced textiles, including uniforms for the Germany Army. In the ghetto, people attempted to maintain their normal lives, despite the increasing hardships. Women, when they were not laboring in the factories, worked to prepare food and do laundry for their families. These activities were made difficult by the meager food rations they received, and the lack of running water throughout most of the ghetto. Due to the severe overcrowding and scarce food, disease and starvation were common. The Judenrat (Jewish Council) were forced to administer the ghetto for the Germans. Judenrat chairman, Mordechai Rumkowski, thought hard work and high outputs would preserve the ghetto, but in January 1942, mass deportations to Chelmno killing center began. By the end of the year, half of the residents were murdered. In summer 1944, Łódź, the last ghetto in Poland, was destroyed, and the remaining Jews were sent to Chelmno and Auschwitz-Birkenau killing centers.

Date
use:  approximately 1900-approximately 1945
Geography
use: Poland.
manufacture: Stockholm (Sweden)
Language
English
Russian
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Category
Equipment
Object Type
Stoves (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Stoves.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
 
Record last modified: 2020-01-23 10:13:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn4110