Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Bottle of purple stamp ink used by Gerry van Heel to forge identification documents

Object | Accession Number: 2010.441.10 a-c

Glass bottle of purple ink used by Gerry van Heel to forge documents for the Dutch resistance and for Jewish people living in hiding in Eindhoven, Holland. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands. By summer 1942, the Germans were deporting Jews to concentration camps. Gerry and his wife, Molly, aided resistance efforts by hiding wounded English pilots, Dutch Army officers, and Jews. In the fall of 1942, Molly urged her friends, Dora and Jacob Kann, to go into hiding. Molly and Gerald hid Dora's young daughters, 12-year-old Elise and 8-year-old Judith. Their brothers, 14-year-old Otto and 5-year-old Jacob, were hidden in different homes. Gerry stole legal identification cards and official administrative stamps and used them to forge ID cards and documents. He replaced the photos and personal information and made his own ink and paper. On September 18, 1944, Eindhoven was liberated by the US 101st Airborne Division. Elise and Judith's mother, Dora, had died of tuberculosis and their father, Jacob, was killed in Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. After the war ended in May 1945, Molly sent Elise and Judith to live with their maternal grandmother, Juliette Spanjaard-Polak, where they were reunited with their brothers.

use:  approximately 1942-1944
use: Eindhoven (Netherlands)
manufacture: Apeldoorn (Netherlands)
Marking devices
Object Type
Ink bottles (lcsh)
Writing Materials.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Elise Kann Jaeger
Record last modified: 2023-11-28 10:39:02
This page: