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3 9mm Luger bullet casings recovered during the excavations of mass execution sites

Object | Accession Number: 2010.443.25

3 discharged 9mm Luger Czechoslovakian manufactured bullet casings acquired ca. 2005 by Yahad-In Unum while excavating mass execution and grave sites in Ukraine uncovered by their research into the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany against the Jewish population. A casing contains propellant and primer, and holds the bullet in place. All of the casings have a headstamp marking the Czechoslovakian manufacturer and cartridge type. The 9mm Luger was developed in Germany by George Luger in 1902 and quickly became one of the most popular pistol and machine pistol cartridges in production. In September 1939, following Germany's invasion of Poland, areas of eastern Poland, now in Ukraine, were occupied by the Soviet Union pursuant to the terms of the German-Soviet Pact. In late June 1941, Germany launched Operation Barbarossa, a surprise attack on Russia. The military assault was coordinated with killing squads whose goal was the Final Solution, the elimination of all Jews from the conquered territories. With the assistance of trained collaborators and the local populace, the goal was achieved through deportations to killing centers and mass executions throughout the region. The lack of adequate rail transport meant that many villages had killing fields where the Jews were shot and buried in huge ditches, along with the bullets and other evidence. Through interviews with the remaining eyewitnesses, Yahad-In Unum locates and documents these remains of a Holocaust by bullets and offers respectful remembrance for the fallen.

found:  2005
use:  1941-1942
acquired: mass execution and grave site; Ukraine
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:35
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