Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Spare machine gun barrel case recovered postwar at a mass execution site

Object | Accession Number: 2010.443.31

Spare barrel carrier for the MG 34 (Maschinengewehr 34) and the MG 42 excavated by Yahad-In Unum from a mass execution and grave site in Ukraine uncovered by their research into atrocities committed by Nazi Germany against the Jewish population during WWII. It held and protected barrels that were replaced often to avoid overheating. The German Army issued the MG 34 in 1934. It was the primary infantry machine gun used in the war until it was replaced by the MG 42, which had similar features, but a higher rate of fire. In early September 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland and a few weeks later, the Soviet Union occupied eastern Poland, now Ukraine, under the terms of the German-Soviet Pact. In late June 1941, Germany launched Operation Barbarossa, a surprise attack on Russia. The military assault was coordinated with killing squads whose goal was the Final Solution, the elimination of all Jews from the conquered territories. With the assistance of trained collaborators and local populace, the goal was achieved through deportations to killing centers and mass executions throughout the region. The lack of adequate rail transport meant that many villages had killing fields where the Jews were shot and buried in huge ditches, along with the bullets and other evidence. Through interviews with the remaining eyewitnesses, Yahad-In Unum locates and documents these remains of a Holocaust by bullets and offers respectful remembrance for the fallen.

found:  2005
use:  1941-1942
found: mass execution and grave site; Ukraine
Metal containers
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:10
This page: