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WWI Military Merit Cross 3rd Class with Swords and fitted box awarded to a German Jewish veteran

Object | Accession Number: 2010.458.2 a-c

Military Merit Cross 3rd Class with Swords and fitted case of issue awarded to Maier Firnbacher in 1916 for bravery while serving in the German Army during World War I. Maier was a cattle trader in Straubing, Germany, when Hitler came to power in 1933. Jews were forbidden to practice certain professions and, in 1936, Maier's trading license was revoked. In 1938, he was forced to sell his farmland at a loss to a non-Jew. He got immigration visas for the United States for himself, his wife, Ida, and their 8 year old son, Manfred, then was arrested during Kristallnacht on November 10. He was released after three weeks in Dachau concentration camp. The family sailed from Rotterdam, Netherlands, on January 28, 1939 and settled near Washington, DC.

Date
1916 November  (issue)
Geography
issue : Germany
manufacture : Munich (Germany)
Language
German
Latin
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Medals
Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fred Firnbacher
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:22:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43004