Norma Rubovits papers
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norma Rubovits
Record last modified: 2021-11-09 11:24:15
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43387
Also in Sophia Appel collection
The collection consists of artifacts and documents related to the experiences of Sophia Jungheim Appel and her family in Germany before the Holocaust and during her immigration to the United States in 1938.
Semicircular bracelet made from hammered gold marks with a jeweler's pouch brought by Sophie Appel to the United States when she fled Nazi Germany in September 1938. As Hitler consolidated power in Germany after 1933, the increasingly severe sanctions on Jews caused many to flee the country. In 1938, Sophia, her son, Ernst, and her mother, Emma, received visas for the United States with the help of her sister, Helene, and her husband, Bernard Bloch, who had lived there since the early 1900s. By September, they had all joined Helene's family in Oklahoma.