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Adjustable cuff bracelet made from gold marks with pouch owned by German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2010.484.2 a-b

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    Adjustable cuff bracelet made from gold marks with pouch owned by German Jewish refugee


    Brief Narrative
    Semicircular bracelet made from hammered gold marks with a jeweler's pouch brought by Sophie Appel to the United States when she fled Nazi Germany in September 1938. As Hitler consolidated power in Germany after 1933, the increasingly severe sanctions on Jews caused many to flee the country. In 1938, Sophia, her son, Ernst, and her mother, Emma, received visas for the United States with the help of her sister, Helene, and her husband, Bernard Bloch, who had lived there since the early 1900s. By September, they had all joined Helene's family in Oklahoma.
    emigration:  1938 September
    received: Dortmund (Germany)
    en route: Queen Mary (Steamship); Oklahoma
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norma Rubovits
    b. on ribbon, repeated along length, white dye : laLOOP
    Subject: Sophia Appel
    Sophia Jungheim was born on July 24, 1893, in Kassel, Germany, to a Jewish couple, Jacob and Emma Lorge Jungheim. Jacob was born on November 22, 1856, in Bad Zwesten, and Emma was born on September 27, 1859, in Harmuthsachsen. Jacob and Emma married in 1887 in Bad Zwesten. Jacob was a land and cattle owner. Sophia had five siblings: Aron, born on March 16, 1888, Theodore, born on June 20, 1889, Johanna, born on June 18, 1891, Helene, born on March 19, 1895, and Jenni, born on May 25, 1897. Sophia married Sally Appel, and they settled in Dortmund, Germany. Sally had served in the German Army during World War I (1914-1918). They had one son, Ernst, born on October 3, 1926. Sophia trained as a milliner. She and Sally owned a retail business, Jungheim & Appel, with Aron in Dortmund. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933, increasingly severe sanctions were placed upon Jews. Sally died in 1934. After Aron’s death on January 22, 1937, Sophia sold her shares in the company. In 1937, Sophia, Emma, and Ernst received affidavits of support from Helene and her husband, Bernard Bloch, who had emigrated to the United States in 1912 and 1903. Emma, whose husband had passed away in 1923, left for the US in February 1938. Sophia and Ernest received their US visas dated June 3, 1938. On September 19, 1938, they arrived in New York aboard the Queen Mary. They joined Helene, her husband, and their three children, Norma, born in 1919, Stanley, born in 1920, and George, born in 1923, in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Sophia’s other siblings also emigrated to the US.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Cuff bracelets (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    a. Circular cuff bracelet made gold coins that have been hammered to a thin, smooth sheet. It is slightly convex and there is a inch gap as the ends do not meet.
    b. Small, rectangular, gray/green cloth pouch with a hemmed opening, no closure device, and a yellow ribbon printed with a repeating logo knotted around the top third of the bag
    a: Height: 0.700 inches (1.778 cm) | Width: 2.500 inches (6.35 cm) | Depth: 2.125 inches (5.398 cm)
    b: Height: 6.375 inches (16.192 cm) | Width: 4.125 inches (10.477 cm) | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm)
    a : gold
    b : cloth, ribbon

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The bracelet and pouch were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Norma Rubovits, the niece of Sophia Appel.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 21:51:11
    This page:

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