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Medallion, box, pamphlet, and bar pin awarded to a Macedonian Jewish partisan woman

Object | Accession Number: 2011.108.23 a-c

Medallion awarded to Jamila (Zamila) Kolonomos in 1965, in recognition of her service as a partisan during the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia from 1941-1945 and to commemorate the anniversary of the end of World War II. On April 6, 1941, the Axis powers, Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria, invaded and partitioned Yugoslavia. The Macedonian region, including Bitola where Jamila and her family lived, was occupied by Bulgaria. Jamila worked with resistance groups to fight the occupation and was forced to hide at night for her safety. On March 9, 1943, from her hiding place, Jamila witnessed the roundup and deportation of the Jewish community of Bitola. After a month in hiding, she went to the mountains and joined a partisan detachment. In August 1943, Jamila’s group became part of the Macedonian Partisan Battalion, which liberated a prisoner camp in Greece. In June 1944, a separate Macedonian brigade was formed. In August, Jamila was injured during a battle. On October 30, Jamila’s group liberated the towns of Ohrid and Struga, and a month later Macedonia was liberated. In December, Jamila served as an official at the Second Congress of Anti-Fascist Youth in Skopje. Jamila married a fellow partisan Chede Filipovski. Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. Jamila returned to Bitola and discovered that her entire family had been deported and murdered at Treblinka killing center. In June Chede was killed in a motorcycle accident. In June 1947, Jamila married Avram Sadikario.

commemoration:  1941-1945
received:  1965 May 09
received: Skopje (Macedonia)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jamila Kolonomos
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:18
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