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NSDAP pin owned by a deaf Jewish refugee who fled to Shanghai

Object | Accession Number: 2006.398.3

Nazi Party membership pin (Parteiabzeichen) acquired by Hans (Heinz) Praschkauer, a Jewish child who lost his hearing at a young age. All members of the Nazi Party wore these pins. They were typically worn on the lapels of their civilian clothing and some uniforms. Heinz Praschkauer was attending the School for the Hard of Hearing in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), when Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Soon thereafter, anti-Jewish decrees were passed that restricted every aspect of Jewish life. Following the November 1938 Kristallnacht pogroms, Heinz’s older brother, Max, was arrested and imprisoned in Buchenwald concentration camp. After he was released, almost two months later, Max and Heinz made plans to leave Germany. They sailed to Shanghai, China, in May 1939, and their parents joined them the following August. After his parents arrived, Heinz set up a tailoring shop, which enabled him to make a decent living. In 1943, under Nazi influence, the Japanese authorities ordered the entire refugee community (around 14,000 people, the majority of which were Jewish) into the Hongkew district. The area became known as the Shanghai ghetto, and a pass was required to exit. Many people lost their ability to work in other districts, and became dependent on outside aid. However, Heinz was able to continue working while also taking classes, and eventually joined the Guild of Craftsmen in Shanghai. In the late 1940s, the rise of communism in China led the family to immigrate to the United States. Heinz and his parents arrived in San Francisco in October 1949, and moved to Pittsburgh, where Max and his family had previously settled. In Pittsburgh, Heinz met and married Marian Wells, a native of Pennsylvania.

Date
manufacture:  1934 July-1945 May
Geography
manufacture: Pforzheim, Germany
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Object Type
Lapel pins (aat)
Genre/Form
Badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Diane Kyle
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-20 14:36:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44552