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Dutch Commemorative War Cross awarded to a Dutch Jewish soldier, Prinses Irene Brigade

Object | Accession Number: 2002.22.2

Oorlogsherinneringskruis [Commemorative War Cross] medal awarded to Jack Grootkerk, a Dutch Jewish soldier in the Prinses Irene Brigade, Dutch Free Forces, from September 1942 to September 1945. The honorary medal was presented to all Brigade members who landed at Normandy in 1944. The Brigade was formed in England in 1941 by the Dutch government in exile and Dutch Army personnel. The unit wore British battledress uniforms with Dutch insignia. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands. In December 1941, Jack was told to report for forced labor in Germany. He and his brother Erich fled to France and Spain, and were interned several times. In fall 1942, they reached Great Britain and Jack joined the Brigade. In July 1944, the Brigade entered combat in Normandy. The Netherlands was liberated on May 5, 1945. Most of Jack and his wife Hedi’s family were killed in German concentration camps.

commemoration:  after 1940 May-1945
manufacture:  after 1948
manufacture: Voorschoten (Netherlands)
manufacture: Breda (Netherlands)
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, Dutch (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Paul Grootkerk and the Estate of Paul Grootkerk
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:03
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