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Cross of Merit medal, ribbons, and pins awarded to a Dutch Jewish soldier, Prinses Irene Brigade

Object | Accession Number: 2002.22.3 a-e

Kruis van Verdienste [Cross of Merit] medal, ribbon, and presentation box, two ribbon bars, and a gold bar pin awarded to Jack Grootkerk, a Dutch Jewish soldier in the Prinses Irene Brigade, Dutch Free Forces from September 1942 to September 1945. The Brigade was formed in England in 1941 by the Dutch government in exile and Dutch Army personnel. The unit wore British battledress uniforms with Dutch insignia. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands. In December 1941, Jack was told to report for forced labor in Germany. He and his brother Erich fled to France and Spain, and were interned several times. In fall 1942, they reached Great Britain and Jack joined the Brigade. In July 1944, the Brigade entered combat in Normandy. The Netherlands was liberated on May 5, 1945. Most of Jack and his wife Hedi’s family were killed in German concentration camps.

Date
after 1940 May-1945  (commemoration)
1941-1945  (manufacture)
Geography
issue : Great Britain
manufacture : London (England)
Language
Dutch
English
French
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Medals
Object Type
Medals, Dutch (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Paul Grootkerk and the Estate of Paul Grootkerk
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Record last modified: 2018-11-06 10:55:04
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn47134