Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Embroidered Ukrainian blouse worn by a Jewish woman living under an assumed identity

Object | Accession Number: 2012.243.2

Traditional cross-stitched Ukrainian peasant blouse worn by 19 year old Donia Pickholz while living in hiding under an assumed identity in Bolechow, Poland (Bolekhiv, Ukraine.) Donia and her family lived in Soviet occupied Stryj, Poland. In June 1941, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union and the Germans forced the Jews into a ghetto. In 1942, the family was put on a rail car destined for Belzec killing center. Donia jumped out the train window and returned to Stryj to live with her aunt and uncle. They got her false identity papers as a Christian Ukrainian girl, Efrozyna Skobelek. Donia spoke Ukrainian, as well as Polish and Yiddish, because she had a Ukrainian nanny when she was a child. Donia fled to Bolechow in July 1943. She pretended to be an illiterate Ukrainian peasant and worked in a bar. Donia also hid a Jewish couple named Shlomo and Malka Reinharz while living in Bolechow. The area was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1944. Donia joined the Bricha movement, which helped refugees emigrate illegally to Palestine. After the war ended in May 1945, she lived in Leipheim displaced persons camp in Germany. In 1947, Donia attempted to emigrate to Palestine; she was caught by the British and detained in Cyprus. In 1948, as the British prepared to leave, they permitted detainees to go to Palestine. Donia and Josef Ostrower, a fellow detainee and survivor, arrived in Palestine in April 1948. In May, Israel achieved independence. Dona and Josef married in 1949.

Date
approximately 1943-approximately 1945  (use)
Geography
use : Bolekhiv (Ukraine)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Category
Women's clothing
Object Type
Blouses (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dina Pickholz Ostrower
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn48009