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Dark red floral head covering worn by a Jewish woman living under an assumed identity

Object | Accession Number: 2012.243.3

Dark red traditional Ukrainian scarf with a floral pattern worn by 19 year old Donia Pickholz while living in hiding under an assumed identity in Bolechow, Poland (Bolekhiv, Ukraine.) Donia and her family lived in Soviet occupied Stryj, Poland. In June 1941, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union and the Germans forced the Jews into a ghetto. In 1942, the family was put on a rail car destined for Belzec killing center. Donia jumped out the train window and returned to Stryj to live with her aunt and uncle. They got her false identity papers as a Christian Ukrainian girl, Efrozyna Skobelek. Donia spoke Ukrainian, as well as Polish and Yiddish, because she had a Ukrainian nanny when she was a child. Donia fled to Bolechow in July 1943. She pretended to be an illiterate Ukrainian peasant and worked in a bar. Donia also hid a Jewish couple named Shlomo and Malka Reinharz while living in Bolechow. The area was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1944. Donia joined the Bricha movement, which helped refugees emigrate illegally to Palestine. After the war ended in May 1945, she lived in Leipheim displaced persons camp in Germany. In 1947, Donia attempted to emigrate to Palestine; she was caught by the British and detained in Cyprus. In 1948, as the British prepared to leave, they permitted detainees to go to Palestine. Donia and Josef Ostrower, a fellow detainee and survivor, arrived in Palestine in April 1948. In May, Israel achieved independence. Dona and Josef married in 1949.

use:  approximately 1943-approximately 1945
use: Bolekhiv (Ukraine)
Clothing and Dress
Women's clothing
Object Type
Kerchiefs (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dina Pickholz Ostrower
Record last modified: 2020-09-15 08:45:27
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