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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 10 mark note

Object | Accession Number: 1991.212.2

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    Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 10 mark note
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    10 (zehn) mark receipt issued in the Łódź ghetto in Poland in May 1940. Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939; Łódź was renamed Litzmannstadt and annexed to the German Reich. In February, the Germans forcibly relocated the large Jewish population into a sealed ghetto. All currency was confiscated in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be exchanged only in the ghetto. The scrip was designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. The Germans closed the ghetto in the summer of 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers.
    Date
    issue:  1940 May 15
    Geography
    issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ariel Cardoso. In memory of the unidentified Partisan who furnished my family and me with false identity documents but did not himself survive. He was later shot while trying to escape capture during a Nazi raid on his headquarters.
    Markings
    face, serial number, orange ink : Nº 380247
    face, upper right, black ink : Quittung / über [Receipt for about]
    face, center, bold font, black ink : Zehn Mark [Ten Mark]
    face, bottom, black ink : Der Aelteste der Juden / in Litzmannstadt / M. Rumkowski / Litzmannstadt , den 15 Mai 1940 [The Eldest of the Jews / M. Rumkowski / on May 15, 1940]
    back, black ink : Quittung / über / zehn Mark [Receipt for about ten mark]
    back, bottom, black ink : WER DIESE QUITTUNG VERFÄLSCHT ODER NACHMACHT ODER GEFÄLSCHTE / QUITTUNGEN IN VERKEHR BRINGT / WIRD STRENGSTENS BESTRAFT [ANYONE WHO FALSIFIES OR COPIES THIS RECEIPT, OR TRAFFICS IN COUNTERFEIT RECEIPTS, WILL BE STRICTLY PUNISHED]

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Physical Description
    Offwhite rectangular paper scrip with a graphic design in green ink. The face has a watermark with a pattern of ornate linked chains of varying sizes. The serial number in orange ink is in the upper left corner. The denomination 10 is in the lower left corner in bold font and in the upper right in a green square. There is a 1.75 inch left margin, then a rectangle with a curved upper left corner with a background of interlocked Stars of David with a large Jewish star in a circle in the upper left corner. Across the center is the textual denomination and German text. The back has a blank 1.75 inch margin, then a rectangle with a pattern of interlocked Stars of David. There is German text in the upper left corner and below the rectangle and a 7-branched candelabrum within the lower left corner. The denomination 10 in bold font is outside the rectangle at the lower left corner; above this, near the upper right corner, is a Star of David outline in a black square.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.875 inches (7.303 cm) | Width: 6.125 inches (15.558 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1991 by Ariel Cardoso.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:21:38
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn4830

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