Italian Labor Service armband
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ariel Cardoso. In memory of the unidentified Partisan who furnished my family and me with false identity documents but did not himself survive. He was later shot while trying to escape capture during a Nazi raid on his headquarters.
Given to Ariel Cardoso, Italy.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:01:55
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn4831
Also in Ariel S. Cardoso collection
The Ariel S. Cardoso collection includes an Italian Labor Service armband, a Łódź ghetto scrip ten mark note, and identification papers, military papers, and photographs documenting Cardoso’s wartime hiding in Rome, postwar emigration to Palestine, and military service in the Jewish Brigade.
10 (zehn) mark receipt issued in the Łódź ghetto in Poland in May 1940. Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939; Łódź was renamed Litzmannstadt and annexed to the German Reich. In February, the Germans forcibly relocated the large Jewish population into a sealed ghetto. All currency was confiscated in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be exchanged only in the ghetto. The scrip was designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. The Germans closed the ghetto in the summer of 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers.
The Ariel S. Cardoso papers include identification papers, military papers, and photographs documenting Cardoso’s postwar emigration to Palestine and his military service in the Jewish Brigade. Identification papers include a displaced persons identification certificate, an Israel Labor Federation membership booklet, an Israeli identification card and passport, a driver’s license, a medical insurance booklet, and Israeli ration cards. Military papers include a copy of Cardoso’s attestation upon joining the Palestine regiment, his service and pay book, and his discharge book. Photographs depict Cardoso with members of the Jewish Brigade including Manus Zarvanitzer and someone named Josi in Tel Aviv in December 1944 and in and Antwerp in May 1946.