Handbill declaring a day of mourning for the sinking of the refugee ship Strumah
- Proclamation of a day of mourning and protest for the Struma disaster
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Handbill issued by an unidentified synagogue in Jerusalem announcing a called strike and day of mourning in response to the sinking of the refugee ship, Strumah, in the Black Sea in 1942. The Strumah (Struma) was an illegal immigrant ship that left Constanta, Romania, on December 12, 1941 with 767 Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi-dominated Europe. The ship was headed for Istanbul where the passengers hoped to get visas to enter Palestine. The old cargo barge was unsafe and overcrowded. The engine died when it reached Istanbul and it had to be towed into port. Palestine was ruled by the British who imposed strict immigration limits and refused to provide visas. Turkish authorities also denied entry to the passengers. After being held in quarantine for 70 days, the Strumah was towed out to sea by Turkish police on February 23, 1942. The next day, the ship sank, torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, presumably in error. The sole survivor was 20 year old David Stoliar. He was found in the wreckage by Turkish sailors, jailed in Turkey, but released when the British supplied a visa for Palestine which he reached in April 1942.
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 15:05:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49043
Also in Jewish experience in Eastern Europe and Palestine documents and ephemera collection
The collection consists of posters, documents, and photographs relating to the Jewish experience in prewar Europe and in Palestine before, during, and after World War II.
Promotional text only poster for the Haavara agreement permitting German Jews to immigrate to Palestine
Braodside advocating on behalf of the Haavara agreement concluded in 1933 between the Jewish Agency in Palestine and Nazi Germany to permit Jews to immigrate to Palestine, provided that their possessions were sold and re-purchased through the terms of this agreement. Bitter controversy surrounded the agreement, centered upon the morality of negotiating with the Nazis. The text of the poster criticizes the position of the Jewish opponents to the agreement.
Text only poster urging a positive welcome for Jews returning to Poland from the Soviet Union postwar
Broadside proclamation issued by the Central Committee of Polish Jews (Tsentral-Komitet fun di Yidn in Poyln), urging Polish Jews to welcome Jews returning to Poland from the Soviet Union after World War II. It urged them to offer both moral and financial support. The undated poster was printed in Łódź in approximately 1945-1947.
Handbill issued by the group HaMeorerim inviting people to a meeting at a synagogue in Jerusalem to discuss the fate of European Jews and ways to save them from extinction.
Handbill presenting a petition for the children of the Land of Israel "for our brothers' shed blood," with several signatory names. It was circulated in Palestine in June 1943.
Broadside recruitment plea for the Jewish Brigade Group in Palestine. Great Britain had ruled Palestine under a League of Nations mandate since 1920. Palestinian units had been part of the British Army since 1940. The Jewish Brigade was established in September 1944. It included more than 5000 Jewish volunteers living in Palestine and was the only independent, national Jewish unit to serve in WWII. The Group served under the Zionist flag. It served in combat during the final battles for the liberation of Italy. The British dissolved the Brigade in the summer of 1946.