- Brief Narrative
- Broadside recruitment plea for the Jewish Brigade Group in Palestine. Great Britain had ruled Palestine under a League of Nations mandate since 1920. Palestinian units had been part of the British Army since 1940. The Jewish Brigade was established in September 1944. It included more than 5000 Jewish volunteers living in Palestine and was the only independent, national Jewish unit to serve in WWII. The Group served under the Zionist flag. It served in combat during the final battles for the liberation of Italy. The British dissolved the Brigade in the summer of 1946.
- Artwork Title
- You cannot evade an answer!
Tel Aviv (Israel)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
- front, black ink : Hebrew text [You cannot evade an answer! / Who will revenge the blood of your father and mother, yours brothers and sisters? Who will rescue the survivors? / You cannot joke around in the hour when Hitler is destroying your people. You cannot sit in comfort in the hour when thousands of our young people have volunteered for war. / Demobilized soldiers who completed their obligations cannot peacefully watch how you work and eat and live in enjoyment in the hours when children are starving for bread. / It is up to you to yield your place of work to the freed soldier, to the father of the soldier, to the wife of a soldier, to an older worker, to an immigrant who was saved from the Nazi hell. / Also your children will ask you in the future: “Did you evade in the hours when Hitler killed Jews?” / What will you answer him? / You cannot evade your responsibilities!]
Achdut Cooperative Printing Press
- Object Type
- Physical Description
- Hebrew text only poster printed in black ink on lightweight paper made to look like parchment. There is a 3 word title in stylized characters printed diagonally in large, bold font at the top. In the center are 14 lines of text, then 5 lines in midsize font. There is printing information in small font in the bottom right corner.
- overall: Height: 18.500 inches (46.99 cm) | Width: 12.125 inches (30.798 cm)
- overall : paper, ink, graphite
- top, pencil : 128 22
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- No restrictions on access
- Conditions on Use
- No restrictions on use
Keywords & Subjects
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Funding Note
- The acquisition of this collection was made possible by The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fund.
The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-08-25 08:41:18
- This page:
Also in Jewish experience in Eastern Europe and Palestine documents and ephemera collection
The collection consists of posters, documents, and photographs relating to the Jewish experience in prewar Europe and in Palestine before, during, and after World War II.
Promotional text only poster for the Haavara agreement permitting German Jews to immigrate to Palestine
Braodside advocating on behalf of the Haavara agreement concluded in 1933 between the Jewish Agency in Palestine and Nazi Germany to permit Jews to immigrate to Palestine, provided that their possessions were sold and re-purchased through the terms of this agreement. Bitter controversy surrounded the agreement, centered upon the morality of negotiating with the Nazis. The text of the poster criticizes the position of the Jewish opponents to the agreement.
Text only poster urging a positive welcome for Jews returning to Poland from the Soviet Union postwar
Broadside proclamation issued by the Central Committee of Polish Jews (Tsentral-Komitet fun di Yidn in Poyln), urging Polish Jews to welcome Jews returning to Poland from the Soviet Union after World War II. It urged them to offer both moral and financial support. The undated poster was printed in Łódź in approximately 1945-1947.
Handbill issued by the group HaMeorerim inviting people to a meeting at a synagogue in Jerusalem to discuss the fate of European Jews and ways to save them from extinction.
Handbill issued by an unidentified synagogue in Jerusalem announcing a called strike and day of mourning in response to the sinking of the refugee ship, Strumah, in the Black Sea in 1942. The Strumah (Struma) was an illegal immigrant ship that left Constanta, Romania, on December 12, 1941 with 767 Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi-dominated Europe. The ship was headed for Istanbul where the passengers hoped to get visas to enter Palestine. The old cargo barge was unsafe and overcrowded. The engine died when it reached Istanbul and it had to be towed into port. Palestine was ruled by the British who imposed strict immigration limits and refused to provide visas. Turkish authorities also denied entry to the passengers. After being held in quarantine for 70 days, the Strumah was towed out to sea by Turkish police on February 23, 1942. The next day, the ship sank, torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, presumably in error. The sole survivor was 20 year old David Stoliar. He was found in the wreckage by Turkish sailors, jailed in Turkey, but released when the British supplied a visa for Palestine which he reached in April 1942.
Handbill presenting a petition for the children of the Land of Israel "for our brothers' shed blood," with several signatory names. It was circulated in Palestine in June 1943.