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Fred Vendig papers

Document | Accession Number: 1999.A.0089.1

The Fred Vendig papers includes biographical materials, a pocket calendar, correspondence,
immigration papers, personal narratives, photographs, and printed materials documenting the Vendig
family’s expropriation by the Nazi government, 1939 voyage aboard the M.S. St. Louis, refuge in
Belgium, internment in French concentration camps, refuge in Switzerland, and immigration to the United States.
Biographical materials include birth, marriage, and death certificates; identification papers; and student, citizenship, refugee, and camp papers. The records trace the Vendig family’s precarious citizenship, refugee, internee, and immigrant status through Germany, Belgium, France, and Switzerland, their release from Rivesaltes, and their immigration to the United States. The collection further includes materials documenting Fred Vendig’s uncle, Fritz Vendig, who was killed at Verdun during World War I, and his grandfather, David Vendig, who died in 1930.
The 1939 pocket calendar was used by Charlotte Vendig as an address book, birthday calendar, account record, notebook, and diary, with a few entries through 1959.
Correspondence files include photocopies of letters Charlotte Vendig wrote aboard the M.S. St. Louis to her family and original letters she wrote to her family from Aix-en-Provence and Bex; letters Ernst Vendig wrote to his family from internment camps St. Cyprien and Gurs; illustrated notes from Fred Vendig to his family; postcards documenting Ernst and Pauline Vendig’s registration for reparations; and correspondence between Ernst Vendig and Captain Gustav Schröder after the war.
Immigration papers include correspondence and affidavits documenting the Vendig family’s efforts to immigrate to the United States.
Personal narratives include English and German versions of Charlotte Vendig’s Holocaust experiences. She describes antisemitism under the Nazis, losing the family business, unsuccessful emigration to Cuba aboard the M.S. St. Louis, refugee life in Belgium and France, internment in Les Milles and Rivesaltes, release, and refuge in Switzerland.
Photographic materials include four photo albums and eighty eight loose photographs depicting the Vendig family and their journey aboard the M.S. St. Louis. The albums include photographs of Ernst and Charlotte Vendig’s families, prewar life in Germany and on vacation, childhood photographs of Fred and Henry Vendig, and the family’s journey aboard M.S. St. Louis. Loose photographs depict Ernst and Charlotte Vendig’s families, the Vendigs aboard the M.S. St. Louis, fellow passengers after they disembarked in Belgium, Henry Vendig in Brussels, and the Foreign Labor Battalion (GTE) camp in Aubagne.
Printed materials primarily consist of clippings from German and Swiss newspapers from the 1930s and 1940s and include articles written by Ernst Vendig describing the refugee experience. This series also includes brochures and a history describing the town of Hachenburg as well as a prayer book printed in 1859.

Date
inclusive:  1859-2002
Extent
2 boxes
2 oversize boxes
1 oversize folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fred Vendig
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stephanie Vendig
 
Record last modified: 2021-11-15 08:51:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn502168