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Child's collage of a man's face over New York City by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2013.486.16

Collage of his arrival in America created by Fritz Vendig, 13, after leaving Switerland for America with his parents, Ernst and Charlotte, and younger brother Heiner. In the mid-1930s, Ernst's business was taken from him when it was Aryanized, or cleansed of Jews. In November 1938, Ernst was arrested during Kristallnacht. After his release, they prepared to leave. On May 13, 1939, the family, along with Ernst's mother Pauline, sailed for Cuba on the MS St. Louis. Cuban authorities refused entry to nearly all passengers. Appeals were made to the Cuban and US governments, but the ship had to return to Europe. The family was given refuge in Belgium. In May 1940, Germany occupied Belgium and Ernst was deported to France and imprisoned in St. Cyprien and then Gurs internment camps. In 1941, Charlotte, the boys, and Pauline obtained false papers and illegally entered France to be near Ernst. In August 1942, they were all interned at Les Milles and then Rivesaltes, until Charlotte's sister in Switzerland managed to get them out of the camp and smuggled into Zurich. The war ended in May 1945 with Germany's surrender. Fritz (later Fred) and his family emigrated to the United States in 1946.

Artwork Title
In the New Country all the Best, Fredy
creation:  approximately 1946
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stephanie Vendig
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:12:39
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