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Oral history interview with Norbert Wollheim

Oral History | Accession Number: 1994.A.0447.32 | RG Number: RG-50.042.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Norbert Wollheim discusses his parents' deportation from Berlin, Germany in 1943 and his deportation with his wife and son to Auschwitz concentration camp in 1943; how some prisoners prayed and celebrated Sabbath while on the transport to Auschwitz; his arrival in Auschwitz and his separation from his wife and child; his registration and tattoo; the role of the SS in Auschwitz; his time working in the Buna factory near the camp; his work as a welder in Auschwitz; his friend Fritz Schaeffer who committed suicide while in Auschwitz; his experiences with Kapos; his thoughts on spiritual resistance in the camp; his memories of Kristallnacht in Germany in 1938; his involvement in a Kindertransport of children from Berlin to England shortly after Kristallnacht; his memories of life in Berlin before 1933 and how conditions changed for Jews after the Nazis came to power; his memories of the voyage of the St. Louis; his thoughts on revenge; his feelings at the time of liberation; his thoughts on the different types of concentration camps; his thoughts on forced labor and work camps used during the Holocaust; the choices he made in order to survive; how he relied on the friendships with other inmates for support and how he befriended British prisoners of war while in Auschwitz; how age and gender played a role in who survived the Holocaust; and his memories of the "Appel" in Auschwitz.

Interviewee
Norbert Wollheim
Interviewer
Sandra Bradley
Date
1992 February 18  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
4 film reels : color ; 16 mm.
7 sound tape reels : analog, mono ; 7 in..
3 videocassette (D2) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505585