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Oral history interview with Esther Raab

Oral History | Accession Number: 1994.A.0447.23 | RG Number: RG-50.042.0023

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Esther Raab discusses her transfer from a forced labor camp to Sobibór concentration camp; how Sobibór commandant Wagner selected her and other girls to work sorting the belongings of people gassed in the camp; how the SS camp guards processed arrivals of new prisoners in the camp; the extreme cruelty of two camp guards, Frenzel and Mitchell; how she and other workers found notes among the belongings of prisoners from Treblinka and Belzec concentration camps and how the notes mentioned revenge against the Germans; how she and other Sobibór inmates planned and executed the revolt in the camp; escaping into the woods near the camp during the revolt and receiving a gunshot wound during the escape; how the Sobibór camp guards punished prisoners who attempted to escape; her thoughts on the differences between a concentration camp and a death camp; how she and other Sobibór escapees received food and shelter from a Polish farmer; her memories of life in Poland before World War II; her time in "Stafnovushulke" forced labor camp; her thoughts on her actions during the Sobibór revolt as being actions of heroism; the types of spiritual resistance that occurred in Sobibór; and how her mother prepared her for World War II by telling her stories of life in Poland during World War I.

Interviewee
Esther T. Raab
Interviewer
Sandra Bradley
Date
1992 February 18  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
3 film reels : color ; 16 mm.
4 sound tape reels : analog, mono ; 7 in..
2 videocassette (D2) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505576