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Oral history interview with Esther Raab

Oral History | Accession Number: 1994.A.0447.23 | RG Number: RG-50.042.0023

Esther Raab discusses her transfer from a forced labor camp to Sobibór concentration camp; how Sobibór commandant Wagner selected her and other girls to work sorting the belongings of people gassed in the camp; how the SS camp guards processed arrivals of new prisoners in the camp; the extreme cruelty of two camp guards, Frenzel and Mitchell; how she and other workers found notes among the belongings of prisoners from Treblinka and Belzec concentration camps and how the notes mentioned revenge against the Germans; how she and other Sobibór inmates planned and executed the revolt in the camp; escaping into the woods near the camp during the revolt and receiving a gunshot wound during the escape; how the Sobibór camp guards punished prisoners who attempted to escape; her thoughts on the differences between a concentration camp and a death camp; how she and other Sobibór escapees received food and shelter from a Polish farmer; her memories of life in Poland before World War II; her time in "Stafnovushulke" forced labor camp; her thoughts on her actions during the Sobibór revolt as being actions of heroism; the types of spiritual resistance that occurred in Sobibór; and how her mother prepared her for World War II by telling her stories of life in Poland during World War I.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Esther T. Raab
Interviewer
Sandra Bradley
Date
interview:  1992 February 18
Language
English
Extent
3 film reels : color ; 16 mm.
4 sound tape reels : analog, mono ; 7 in..
2 videocassette (D2) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:47:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn505576