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Oral history interview with Toby Stern

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0439 | RG Number: RG-50.549.02.0005

Toby Stern, born in 1920, discusses her childhood in Viseu de Mijloc, Romania; her strict religious upbringing; marrying at age 18; living in Bukovina, Romania with her husband when the war broke out; the first pogrom in their village; hiding in the woods for two weeks; atrocities committed against the Jewish community; moving to Hungary; the birth of her first child; her husband’s conscription into Hungarian forced labor in 1942; the premature birth and death of her second child; being sent to Auschwitz; giving away her young child to an older woman during the selection process; living conditions in Auschwitz; learning about the gas chambers and her child’s death; being taken on a forced march in January 1944; arriving in Ravensbrück; living conditions in Ravensbrück; liberation; rumors of rape by Soviet soldiers; experiences at a displaced persons camp in Germany; returning to Viseu de Mijloc after the war; learning of her husband’s death; reuniting with her brothers; remarrying; moving to Paris, France; her husband’s smuggling operation; his arrest; their flight to Germany; immigrating to the United States; adjusting to life in the U.S.; her children; her feelings about how much loss she’s had to endure; and her war-time experiences and the effects on her life.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Stern, Toby
Richman, Joe
interview:  1997 July 07
3 sound cassettes (74 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:28:08
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