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Oral history interview with Klara Birman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.10 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0010

Klara Birman discuses her childhood in Novo Uman, Ukraine; her move with her family to Moskovoya, where her father was sent to organize a collective farm; her family's Jewish identity and observances; the invasion of Ukraine by Nazi Germany in June 1941; the family's flight to the Dnieper River, where they were halted by German troops; returning to their village; their eventual forced move to a Jewish ghetto/concentration camp in Bogdanovka, Transnistria; her experiences in the ghetto; her work building a highway; the workers' supervision under Ukrainian police, who were under Romanian command; the increase in the hostilities to the Jews in the ghetto; improvements after the retreat of German troops; liberation in March 1944; returning to Moskovoya; learning of her father's death; attending medical school in Odessa, Ukraine; her marriage; the death of her husband in 1979; and her immigration to the United States in 1985 with her daughter, son-in-law, and grandson.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Birman, Klara
interview:  1998 December 09
Oral histories.
2 videocassettes (Hi8) : sound, color ; 8mm.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:13:08
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