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Oral history interview with Klara Garmel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.160 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0160

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Klara Garmel discusses her childhood in Yarun, Ukaine, near Zhitomir; her parents' work on a collective farm; her memories of Jewish school as well as participating in a pioneer Ukranian youth organization. ; the onset of war with Nazi Germany in 1941; the confusion that ensued; the enforcement of anti-Jewish laws; hiding from a roundup; witnessing brutal acts perpetrated against her grandfather; escaping, with the assistance of non-Jewish friends, to Poland; encountering her mother and sister, who returned to the Ukraine; describes her experiences moving, hiding, and passing for a non-Jew; her conversion to the Russian Orthodox faith; marrying a widower far older than she; the advance of Soviet liberating forces; reclaiming her Jewish identity; leaving her marriage; working until she had sufficient funds to return to her home; learning that all but a sister and brother had perished; remarrying and having a daughter; and emigrating to the United States in 1992 due to the anti-Semitism she experienced in the Ukraine.

Interviewee
Klara Garmel
Date
2000 July 19  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:05:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508220